How to protect your skin the sun

Protecting your skin

Most skin cancer  can be prevented. Use the following tips to protect your skin from the sun. You may decrease your chances of developing skin cancer and help prevent wrinkles.

Avoid sun exposure

The best way to prevent a sunburn is to avoid sun exposure.

Stay out of the midday sun (from 10 in the morning to 4 in the afternoon), which is the strongest sunlight. Find shade if you need to be outdoors. You can also calculate how much ultraviolet (UV) exposure you are getting by using the shadow rule: A shadow that is longer than you are means UV exposure is low; a shadow that is shorter than you are means the UV exposure is high.

Other ways to protect yourself from the sun include wearing protective clothing, such as:

  • Hats with wide 4 in. (10 cm) brims that cover your neck, ears, eyes, and scalp.
  • Sunglasses with UV ray protection, to prevent eye damage that may lead to cataracts.
  • Loose-fitting, tightly woven clothing that covers your arms and legs.
  • Clothing made with sun protective fabric. These clothes have a special label that tells you how effective they are in protecting your skin from ultraviolet rays.

    Preventing sun exposure in children

    You should start protecting your child from the sun when he or she is a baby. Because children spend a lot of time outdoors playing, they get most of their lifetime sun exposure in their first 18 years

  • It’s safest to keep babies younger than 6 months out of the sun. If you can’t keep your baby out of the sun, cover your child’s skin with hats and clothing. Protect any bare skin with a small amount of sunscreen.
  • Teach children the ABCs of how to protect their skin from getting sunburned.
    • A = Away. Stay away from the sun in the middle of the day (from 10 in the morning to 4 in the afternoon).
    • B = Block. Use a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher to protect babies’ and children’s very sensitive skin.
    • C = Cover up. Wear clothing that covers the skin, hats with wide brims, and sunglasses with UV protection. Even children 1 year old should wear sunglasses with UV protection.
    • S = Speak out. Teach others to protect their skin from sun damage.

      Sunscreen protection

      If you can’t avoid being in the sun, use a sunscreen to help protect your skin while you are in the sun.

      Be sure to read the information on the sunscreen label about its SPF value and how much protection it gives your skin. Follow the directions on the label for applying the sunscreen so it is most effective in protecting your skin from the sun’s ultraviolet rays.

      Choosing a sunscreen

      • Sunscreens come in lotions, gels, creams, ointments, and sprays. Use a sunscreen that:
        • Has a sun protection factor of at least 15 or higher.
        • Says “broad-spectrum” that protects the skin from ultraviolet A and B rays.
      • Use lip balm or cream that has SPF of 15 or higher to protect your lips from getting sunburned or developing cold sores.
      • Use a higher SPF at when you are near water, at higher elevations or in tropical climates. Sunscreen effectiveness is affected by the wind, humidity, and altitude.

      Some sunscreens say they are water-resistant or waterproof and can protect for about 40 minutes in the sun if a person is doing a water activity.

      Applying a sunscreen

      • Apply the sunscreen at least 30 minutes before going in the sun.
      • Apply sunscreen to all the skin that will be exposed to the sun, including the nose, ears, neck, scalp, and lips. Sunscreen needs to be applied evenly over the skin and in the amount recommended on the label. Most sunscreens are not completely effective because they are not applied correctly. It usually takes about 1 fl oz (30 mL) to cover an adult’s body.
      • Apply sunscreen every 2 to 3 hours while in the sun and after swimming or sweating a lot. The SPF value decreases if a person sweats heavily or is in water, because water on the skin reduces the amount of protection the sunscreen provides. Wearing a T-shirt while swimming does not protect your skin unless sunscreen has also been applied to your skin under the T-shirt.

      Other sunscreen tips

      The following tips about sunscreen will help you use it more effectively:

      • Older adults should always use a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15 to protect their very sensitive skin.
      • If you have sensitive skin that burns easily, use a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15.
      • If you have dry skin, use a cream or lotion sunscreen.
      • If you have oily skin or you work in dusty or sandy conditions, use a gel, which dries on the skin without leaving a film.
      • If your skin is sensitive to skin products or you have had a skin reaction (allergic reaction) to a sunscreen, use a sunscreen that is free of chemicals, para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), preservatives, perfumes, and alcohol.
      • If you are going to have high exposure to the sun, consider using a physical sunscreen (sunblock), such as zinc oxide, which will stop all sunlight from reaching the skin.
      • If you need to use sunscreen and insect repellent with DEET, do not use a product that combines the two. You can apply sunscreen first and then apply the insect repellent with DEET, but the sunscreen needs to be reapplied every 2 hours.

      Do not use tanning booths to get a tan. Artificial tanning devices can cause skin damage and increase the risk of skin cancer

winter sikn tips

Get soft skin in winter

It’s everyone’s dream in the dead of winter: to have dewy skin that’s immune to the effects of icy temps, whipping winds, and Sahara-like heating. Good luck with that, right?

“The air is frigid and dry outside, and any kind of indoor heat leaves it even more parched. Your skin’s protective barrier cracks, making it less able to repair itself,” says San Francisco dermatologist Katie Rodan, MD. “It becomes a vicious cycle unless you do something to prevent it—or treat it fast.”

Here, just in time: a guide to protecting your most moisture-starved parts so you can stay soft and smooth all season long

Hair Style

If you have wavy or curly hair, you know that achieving your best texture isn’t wash-and-go. Ringlets require careful styling that straight haired people just don’t understand.

To make the most of your curly hair, try these tips we’ve picked up from top stylists.

1. “Invest in a silk pillow or wrap your hair in a silk scarf before going to bed. Silk is very gently on the hair cuticle and won’t roughen hair fibers. You’ll wake up with great-looking hair every time.” — Tommy Buckett

2. Dry curly hair by pressing gently with a microfiber towel, T-shirt or paper towels. Rubbing hair with a terrycloth towel can rough up the cuticle and cause hair to frizz.

3. To air dry curly hair, apply a hair gel or curl cream and wrap one- to two-inch sections around your finger to create perfectly defined ringlets. Lift hair off the scalp with duckbill clips placed vertically at the crown of your head.

4. “As curly hair undulates, small cracks and crevices develop. If those cracks and crevices are not properly moisturized, they can increase in size and an uninformed curl pattern develops. So add moisture and then a product such as Oribe Curl Shaping Mousse [$36, oribe.com] that is light enough to penetrate deep into the cracks and crevices,” says hair stylist Steven Schmidt of Oribe Salon in Miami. “Moisture plus hold equals beautiful curls.”

5. Curly hair seems to grow slower than straight hair because its length is all coiled up. But that doesn’t mean you should skip trims; see your stylist for split end maintenance every two months.

6. The one thing all curly and wavy hair needs is moisture. Shampoo and condition with sulfate-free hydrating products (we like Pureology Hydrate Shampoo and Condition, pureology.com), and use a moisturizing mask on your hair once a week.

7. If your hair is very curly and dry, try skipping shampoo altogether. Cleanse with a non-foaming conditioner, such as L’Oréal Paris EverCrème Cleansing Conditioner ($6.99, lorealparisusa.com).

8. Apply styling products to curly hair when it’s sopping wet. This will lock in smooth texture and prevent frizz.

9. Choose a layered haircut to avoid the dreaded “triangle” shape. We love these curly hairstyles for all textures and lengths.

10. “Curly hair tends to get tangled easily. To avoid stubborn knots and tangles always use a wide tooth comb to brush hair. Start with at the ends working upwards and spray hair lightly with Garnier Fructis Triple Nutrition Miracle Dry Oil [$5.99, garnierusa.com]. It gives instant smoothness and shine.” — T.B.

11. For some types of curly or wavy hair, blow drying with a diffuser attachment can help define texture better than air drying. Prep hair with product and blow dry on a low heat setting to protect fragile curls. When you’re finished, smooth hair with a few drops of oil to eliminate flyaways and lock in moisture.

12. Never brush curly hair, since friction can lead to breakage and frizz. Instead, use your fingers to gently comb conditioner through your hair in the shower and remove any tangles.

13. ”For those who have a few stray pieces that don’t seem to curl as nicely as the rest — usually frustrating to curly girls — I recommend going over those few pieces with a curling iron to make the curl look more consistent.” — Hair stylist Leah Sugrue, Salon Mario Russon, Boston

14. Don’t limit yourself to products designed for curly hair. Some of our favorites are designed for all hair types, but still work wonders for waves and coils.

15. Curls are fun to touch, but resist the urge to play with your hair. The more friction you create with your fingers, the frizzier and fuzzier your hair will get.

16. To revive second-day spirals, flip your head upside down and rough up your roots to add volume. Then mist hair with water or a light hold spray to reactivate the products that are already in your hair.

17. Avoid products with sulfates, alcohol and salt, which can dry out and damage curls.

18. Between washes, wear a plastic shower cap when you shower to keep your style frizz-free.

19. “With each new season, switch your hair routine just like you do with your skincare. The summer months call for lighter products which can be used on wet or dry hair to boost and define natural curls or give added definition and shine. Try Garnier Fructis Style Curl Shaping Spray Gel [$4.29, garnierusa.com] – it gives the perfect amount of light control for soft waves and curls.” — T.B.

20. If all else fails, try a braided hairstyle. Curly or wavy texture makes hair easier to style.curly-hair-247x3000